How to install Docker + docker-compose + Poratiner on VPS
You probably came here from my other blog post about a Monitoring solution for my services. Here is the link to my blog post in case if not: https://www.jaankivila.com/how-do-i-track-my-online-services/
First of all, you need to get your own Server instance. I suggest you take one from Hetzner Cloud
Great, now you have your own server and can connect to it via SSH. Right?
First thing first – Basic VPS Security
If you did not secure your public-facing server, I suggest you check my guide: Protection of Your Fresh Server (VPS, Dedicated) – 5 Easy steps (open in new tab). Before you continue with the Docker + docker-compose + Portainer installation steps.
Why Debian you may ask? Debian is the most stable and popular Linux distro. Ideal for Home Lab servers. Easy to use with a lot of guides to follow.
# uninstall old versions sudo apt-get remove docker docker-engine docker.io containerd runc
# Set up the repository sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install \ ca-certificates \ curl \ gnupg \ lsb-release
# Add Docker’s official GPG key sudo mkdir -p /etc/apt/keyrings curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/debian/gpg | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg
# Use the following command to set up the repository: echo \ "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/debian \ $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null
# update repository list sudo apt-get update
# To install the latest version, run: sudo apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io docker-compose-plugin
Voila, now you can verify that the Docker Engine installation is successful 🎉
# Run the "hello-world" image sudo docker run hello-world
Do not forget to add your user to the docker group, so you can run containers with a non-root account
# add docker group (if it was not created earlier) sudo groupadd docker # add your user to the docker group sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
If you want the docker to start automatically after reboot you need to enable services
# enable docker service sudo systemctl enable docker.service # enable containerd.service sudo systemctl enable containerd.service
It is quite simple, just use your regular apt install command
# install docker-compose sudo apt install docker-compose Verify docker-compose --version Output docker-compose version 1.25.0, build unknown
Portainer is a powerful Docker container management system with a pretty GUI. You can easily install an Open Source Community Edition with only one line.
# create a new portainer volume sudo docker volume create portainer_data # deploy portainer with default SSL port 9443 sudo docker run -d -p 8000:8000 -p 9443:9443 --name portainer --restart=always -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -v portainer_data:/data portainer/portainer-ce:latest
Now you can create a new account for Portainer by accessing the Admin panel with your server IP address and secure port 9443. Example: https://yourserverip:9443If you feel you need more advanced installation, you can always check the official docker docs here: